Established on the recommendation of the Mattéoli Commission by decree No. 99-778 dated September 10 , 1999 as amended by decree No. 2000-932 dated September 25, 2000, the Commission is entrusted with the review of individual claims submitted by victims or their legal heirs or assigns to receive reparations for damages following spoliation of their property resulting from Anti-Semitic Legislation enforced during the Occupation by either the occupying authorities or the Vichy Government.
The Commission, which is not a jurisdiction, is responsible for conceiving and recommending appropriate reparations or compensation. It is empowered to make any useful recommendation, particularly for compensation. These recommendations ("Awards") are then sent to the Secretary General of the French Government.
Pursuant to decree dated September 10, 1999, any reward shall be for damages resulting from spoliation of material and financial property. Moral damages do not fall within the scope of compensation. For example, spoliation of property may comprise furniture or other valuables pillaged from an apartment or professional equipment used in a trade or business.
In addition, such spoliation must have been the result of anti-Semitic legislation enforced during the Occupation by either the occupying authorities or the Vichy Government.
The Commission could award compensation for the theft of occupational assets belonging to a craftsman but would not do so for property losses sustained during a bombing attack.
The perpetrator of the spoliation could be the State but also public or private persons. Therefore, notwithstanding the State’s liability, insurance companies, banks or the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations could also be found liable to pay compensation. For the latter cases, special procedures for reviewing the claims have been established.